Alvaro Montenegro

Alvaro Montenegro

Alvaro Montenegro

Associate Professor, Director Atmospheric Sciences Program.

(614) 688-5451

1152 Derby Hall
154 North Oval Mall
Columbus OH 43210

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Areas of Expertise

  • Climate Change
  • Paleoclimatology
  • Climate Modeling


  • Ph.D. 2003 Physical Oceanography Florida State University. Tallahassee, FL, USA
  • M.S. 1999 Physical Oceanography University of Sao Paulo. Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.
  • B.S. 1996 Oceanography - Coastal Resources Management University of Rio Grande. Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.
  • B.A. 1992 Business and Administration EAESP - Getulio Vargas Foundation. Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

Current CV: PDF icon Alvaro_Montenegro_CV.pdf

Interests: Climate Change, Paleoclimatology, Climate Modeling

Current Research: My research interests encompass various aspects of climate change and climate variability, particularly physical and biogeochemical processes occurring at the global and continental spatial scales. I look into these problems using mainly climate models but also employ observations. I have used models to address questions on a broad range of subjects from paleoclimate to climate policy, with a concentration on carbon cycle modeling. I am also interested in using paleoclimatic data to constrain archaeological and biogeographic theories. Some examples of scientific questions I have attempted to answer include: What will climate be like 5000 years from now if we burn all available fossil fuel reserves? Will large scale planting of trees worldwide cool or warm the climate? Could ocean acidification have caused the global extinction event 250 million years ago? Could the Polynesian islands have been discovered by accidental drift voyages? Could the transoceanic crossings from Africa have introduced the bottle gourd into the Americas?

Courses Taught:
Geography 1900 – Introduction to Weather and Climate
Atmospheric Sciences 5901 – Climate System Modeling: Basics and Applications
Geography 3980 - Biogeography

Select Publications:
Montenegro, A., P. Spence, K. J. Meissner, M. Eby, M. J. Melchin and S.T. Johnston, 2011, Climate simulations of the Permian-Triassic boundary: Ocean acidification and the extinction event, Paleoceanography, doi:10.1029/2010PA002058, 2011

Arora, V. and A. Montenegro, 2011, Small temperature benefits provided by realistic afforestation efforts, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo1182

Montenegro, A., M. Eby, E. C. Wiebe and A. J. Weaver, 2009, Albedo changes and the net carbon drawdown of afforestation from satellite observations, Global and Planetary Change doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.08.005.

Montenegro, A., V. Brovkin, M. Eby, D. Archer and A.J. Weaver, 2007, Long term fate of anthropogenic carbon, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L10707, doi:10.1029/2007/GL030905.

Montenegro, A., C. Avis and A.J. Weaver, 2008, Modelling the pre-historic arrival of the sweet potato in Polynesia, Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, 355-367